Who was Alexandre David-Néel ?

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Louise Eugénie Alexandrine Marie David, better known by his pen name Alexandra David-Neel was rolling or simultaneously orientalist, singer of opera, journalist, Explorer, anarchist, spiritualist, Buddhist and writer Franco-Belgian.

Was born in Paris on October 24, 1868. Only daughter of a Huguenot French and a Catholic of Scandinavian origin, already at the age of six she not fell asleep without having read and meditated a verse from the Bible. At the age of twelve, his young brain were tortured, trying to explain the mystery of the Trinity. At the age of fifteen she already had the formation of an adult, Epictetus and the Stoic philosophers guide their steps. At the age of seventeen, she made her first real trip, crossing the Gotthard walking. At eighteen she travels by bicycle across France, Italy and Spain. He moved to London, where he learned the English language. Returned to Paris. Visit different secret societies. At age twenty-one, she holds grade thirty in the mixed Scottish Rite of the Freemasonry.

In 1899, she writes an anarchist treatise. She continued her studies in music and lyric. She has great successes on the stage, playing the Massane Manon, Bizet’s Carmen, etc. However after fulfilled its contract with the opera of Athens, abandoned this career. She travels to Africa and the India. Study the Koran and practice the Islamic religion (she had studied Theosophy with madame Blavatsky).


On August 4, 1904 she married in Tunisia with Philippe Néel, Chief Engineer of Tunisian railways, known in the casino of Tunisia, and who was his lover from the September 15, 1900. Although her life was in common sometimes stormy, she was always imbued with mutual respect. Marriage ended definitively on 9 August 1911 in her departure on her second trip to India (1911-1925). However, after this separation both spouses filed an abundant correspondence that would not end until the death of Philippe Néel in February 1941. Unfortunately, this correspondence only preserved copies of letters written by Alexandra; It seems that written by her husband were lost due to the tribulations of Alexandra in the Chinese civil war in the mid-1940s.

In 1912, Kalimpong, becomes the first Western woman which is received by the Dalai Lama. She lived for two years in the Chinese monastery of Kumbum, studying Buddhist manuscripts. The monks consider her sister and called it “lamp of wisdom”.

During her previous stay in Tibet it was unable to reach the capital, Lhasa, the forbidden city. After three years of a trip full of all sorts of adventures, and desperate steps, finally at the 5000 meters in the mountains of Tibet, she disguised as Tibetan beggar, with dyed hair and darkened face with grease and soot, she arrives to the forbidden city.

She remained three months in Lhasa and then returns to Paris. She writes a lot of books about his travels and thoughts. At the age of one hundred and one years, on the eve of her death, she goes to renew Passport “because you never know”. In 1973, her ashes were thrown into the waters of the Ganges.

Here the literary works of Alexandre David-Neel

1898 : Pour la vie – réflexions sur tous les faits de société (Éditions « les nuits rouges »)

1909 : Le féminisme rationnel (Éditions « les nuits rouges »)

1911 : Le Modernisme bouddhiste et le bouddhisme du Bouddha (Alcan)

1921 : Le Bouddhisme du Bouddha (Éditions du Rocher)

1927 : Voyage d’une Parisienne à Lhassa (Plon)

1929 : Mystiques et magiciens du Tibet (Plon)

1930 : Initiations lamaïques (Pygmalion)

1931 : La Vie surhumaine de Guésar de Ling : L’Iliade des Tibétains (Éditions du Rocher) – colaboró el lama Yongden

1933 : Au pays des brigands-gentilshommes (Plon)

1935 : Le Lama aux cinq sagesses (Plon)

1938 : Magie d’amour et magie noire. Scènes du Tibet Inconnu (Plon)

1939 : Le Bouddhisme : ses doctrines et ses méthodes (Éditions du Rocher)

1940 : Sous des nuées d’orage (Plon)

1949 : Au cœur des Himalayas : le Népal (Pygmalion)

1951 : Astavakra Gita – réédité (date non connue) en un volume unique « Astavakra Gita – Avadhuta Gita, poemas sánscritos vedantinos » (Éditions du Rocher)

1951 : Les Enseignements secrets des bouddhistes tibétains, la vue pénétrante (Pygmalion)

1951 : L’Inde hier, aujourd’hui, demain, reeditado y aumentado en 1969 con el título L’Inde où j’ai vécu (Plon)

1952 : Textes tibétains inédits (Pygmalion)

1953 : Le Vieux Tibet face à la Chine nouvelle (Plon)

1954 : La Puissance du néant, novela del lama Yongden, tradujo y anotó A. D.-N. (Plon)

Grammaire de la langue tibétaine parlée

1958 : Avadhuta Gita – reeditado (fecha desconocida) en un vol. único « Astavakra Gita – Avadhuta Gita, poemas sánscritos vedantinos » (Éditions du Rocher)

1958 : La connaissance transcendante (Pygmalion)

1961 : Immortalité et réincarnation (Éditions du Rocher)

1964 : Quarante siècles d’expansion chinoise (Plon)

1970 : En Chine – l’Amour universel et l’Individualisme intégral (Plon) – edición póstuma

1972 : Sortilèges du mystère (Plon) – póstuma

1975 : Vivre au Tibet : cuisine, traditions et images (ed. Robert Morel, Apt) – póstuma

1986 : La Lampe de sagesse (Éditions du Rocher)

1998 : Pour la vie, et autres textes libertaires inédits, 1895-1907, presentó Joëlle Désiré-Marchand (Éditions Les Nuits Rouges)

1999 : Grand Tibet et vaste Chine (Plon), 1139 p., ISBN 2-259-19169-X (rassemble plusieurs de ses livres : Au pays des brigands gentilshommes, Voyage d’une Parisienne à Lhassa, Sous des nuées d’orage (incorrectamente titulado Sous une nuée d’orage sur la couverture), A l’ouest barbare de la vaste Chine, Le vieux Tibet face à la Chine nouvelle), et comporte une « Notice biographique : Alexandra David-Néel. Écrivain – Orientaliste – Exploratrice », écrite par Marie-Madeleine Peyronnet et Franck Tréguier) – édition posthume

2000 : Correspondance avec son mari, édition intégrale 1904-1941 (Plon), postumo, reprenant les deux volumes publiés précédemment :

1975 : Journal de voyage : Lettres à son mari, 11 août 1904 – 27 décembre 1917. Vol. 1 (Éd. Marie-Madeleine Peyronnet)

1976 : Journal de voyage : Lettres à son mari, 14 janvier 1918 – 31 décembre 1940. Vol. 2 (Éd. Marie-Madeleine Peyronnet)

2000 : Le féminisme rationnel (articles inédits du journal La Fronde), suivi par Les femmes, ces immigrées de l’intérieur, de Catherine Lafon (Éditions Les Nuits Rouges)

2003 : Féministe et libertaire. Écrits de jeunesse (compilation des deux parutions précédentes, 1998 et 2000) (Éditions Les Nuits Rouges)


This article was written by Psalm Triginta

1 comment:

yvan mcgregorFebruary 6, 2015 at 9:57 pmReply