Skull and Bones is a secret society based at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, US. The company was founded in 1832 by two members of Phi Beta Kappa, William Huntington Russell and Alphonso Taft. The first class or cohort Calavera next, formed during 1832-1833. The company did not admit female members until 1992.
Traditionally, the Yale Daily News published the names of the new members of all secret organizations that had at Yale, but the practice was abandoned during the rebellion of students in the 1960s has since been reinstated by a tabloid campus aka The Rumpus. Therefore, while the list of names of the current members and the activities carried out are not officially disclosed, is in the public domain who their members. The company recruits its new recruits among students who are in the year prior to graduation.
William Russell created the Skulls & Bones in 1832. It is difficult to accurately establish the circumstances. At first, it might be a reaction to the exclusion of a member of Phi Beta Kappa, Eleazar Kingsbury Forster. Indignant at such a procedure and willing to give back vitality to Yale, William Russel would have condemned the decision to Phi Beta Kappa, given shelter to Forster and founded, with thirteen other Yale students (among whom is Alfonso Taft), a still more secret and even stronger, originally called Club Eulogie society, named after the Greek goddess of eloquence. Still under the impression of a recent trip to Germany, Russel includes a lot of references in the Germanic ritual. In 1833, young members adopted the skull and crossbones as their emblem. During the same period, the number 322 becomes the “key figure” in the organization. The BC 322 is just the year of the death of the Greek orator Demosthenes. According to the “tradition Skull and Bones”, the goddess Eulogie then went to paradise to return in 1832 and join the secret society.
In 1856, the Skull and Bones are formally incorporated the Russell Trust, owned by William H. Russell, thanks to Daniel Coit Gilman (Bones 1852), founding president of Johns Hopkins University. On March 13 of that year, the organization changes its headquarters and installed an impressive building in the campus of Yale, pompously dubbed “the Tomb”. The place fills up quickly warlike and macabre relics can be seen there, according to the testimonies of some members, collected by Alexandra Robbins, a collection of flags, black hangings and weapons collected on battlefields. As to not forget that this is a fellowship of students, a number of baseballs from legendary matches won by Yale exposed in a room. The skull logo appears practically on top of all the empty places while animal bones exposed on several walls. You may also see some skeletons and human bones. Most of the paintings displayed in the exhibition represents Death encountering this or that celebrity. The atmosphere is similar to the environment of the Adams family, according to Marina Moscovici, art curator of the State of Connecticut, who worked on restoring fifteen paintings in 1999.
By reputation, the skulls captured captains of football teams and rowing, as well as notables Yale Daily News and the Yale Lit.
On October 13, 1873 was published in the student newspaper The Iconoclast a pamphlet against the Skulls & Bones.
The Iconoclast, October 13, 1873
“O May I so fondly loved our Yale,
The Skulls and Bones beware, Avoid it like a faithless friend,
A Serpent In His Lair. ”
“Oh, our Yale so dearly loved,
The Skull and Bones warn you, Avoid them as wicked friend
A snake in its den. ”
On September 29, 1876 the “tomb” of the order was invaded by students who stole files and described the interior of the place by publishing a student newspaper under the title: SKULL AND BONES, An account of the break-in “Bones Temple” 1876
Since 1833 used the banner of Russell Trust Association, ie a skull with two crossed at base number 322 including femurs. Notable is the asymmetry between the eye sockets of the skull
The number 322 is thus the “key figure” in the organization. 322 a. C. is the year in which the Greek orator Demosthenes died, according to the tradition of Skull & Bones, the goddess of eloquence, Eulogio left that year to return to paradise in 1832 and join the secret society.
In the “tomb” have an old clock ahead 5 minutes to suggest that members of the order have to overtake others. On January 22, 2010, Christie’s auction urn skull Skull and Bones, 7 again revive the controversy over the remains of Geronimo.
The Skull & Bones has inspired a significant association conspiratorial literature that blames its members with the Watergate scandal, the Bay of Pigs invasion and even the assassination of John F. Kennedy. Thanks to their connections with the business world, especially in the banking sector, these old cronies Yale would control global finance, and even the future of the planet. The Skull & Bones would have infiltrated the Council on Foreign Relation, the Trilateral Commission, CIA, etc.
Many people believe that the community members has remained completely secret, however, list each year is recorded in the archives of Yale University, which cover the years 1833-1985, with a few extra years. The main families of Skull & Bones is also known that in 1985 an anonymous source provided the lists to a private investigator named Antony Sutton.
The filtered data in 1985 remained in private for 15 years for fear of Sutton to the photocopied pages could somehow identify the member who leaked. Finally the information as an appendix to the book, fleshing out Skull and Bones was reformatted (Unmasking the Skull and Bones), a compilation edited by Kris Millegan, published in 2003.
Many influential figures have been part of Skull & Bones and has also been influential families have often had multiple members over successive generations. The Bones cover a range from US presidents, including George W. Bush, his father George HW Bush, and William Howard Taft, to judges of the Supreme Court, to businessmen and senators like John Kerry; who ran for president in 2004 and is the current Secretary of State for the administration of Barack Obama.
Today is better understood the functioning of the organization. Each year fifteen members are recruited, and thus calculate about 800 the number of living members of the organization at any moment. Under the authority of the older members, elected happy fifteen meet twice a week for a year to talk about their lives, their studies and their professional projects. There are also discussions on political and social issues. Once a year, the society organizes a retreat at Deer Iland, a large island in the Saint Lawrence River, near New York, where he has built a stately English-style club. The name of the island is Deer Iland, not Deer Island, because such was the will of George D. Miller, a member of the Skull & Bones and generous donor to the residence
The initiation ritual was the subject of the wildest speculations by critics of the organization. However, as in the Masonic ritual, secrecy surrounding its determinant is and if it is indeed possible that the ceremonies that take place on the grounds of “the Tomb” at some point have had pagan connotations
The Motto of the Skull and Bones at Yale: “Who was the fool, who the wise man, who the beggar who was the King, both the rich and poor are equal in death.”
what means this motto ?:
First is a reference to the fact that we are all equal in life, and also equal in death. Second, it shows that you can live many lives, because you are an eternal deity living in the sky, dreaming of these temporal lives. You’re the fool, you are wise, you are the beggar and you are the King, since because such lives are not permanent, neither is real. The only thing that is real is that you are an eternal soul reincarnating.
This article was written by Psalm Triginta