Sigismund Schlomo Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia (now, Příbor in the Czech Republic) within a Jewish family. Although the name on his birth certificate is Sigismund, his father added a second name of Hebrew origin, Schlomo or Shelomoh (Solomon versions) in a handwritten inscription on the family bible. A document from 1871 refers to Freud as Sigmund but he didn’t start singing like Sigmund until 1875 and he never used his middle name. He was the oldest of six children (five girls and one boy). Also had two brothers from a previous marriage of his father. In 1860, when he was three years old, his family moved to Vienna, hoping to regain lost father prosperity of your business wool.
His initial scientific interest as a researcher focused on the field of neurology, progressively deriving their investigations into the psychological aspect of mental disorders, which would realize in private practice. He studied in Paris with French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot applications of hypnosis in the treatment of hysteria. Back in Vienna and in collaboration with Joseph Breuer developed the cathartic method. Gradually, he replaced both hypnotic suggestion and the cathartic method of free association and dream interpretation. Similarly, the initial search focused on recall of psychogenic symptoms trauma-producing, helped develop an etiological theory of more differentiated neurosis. All this became the starting point of psychoanalysis, which is continuously devoted the rest of his life.
Freud belonged to the Jewish Freemasonry since 1895, although it did not public until one of their birthdays with a speech read on his behalf at the headquarters of B’nai B’Rith. His relationship with this organization was marked after the publication of their research.
Sigmund Freud designed to start spreading his psychoanalytic work, an organization (the “Wednesday Society”) built with a strikingly similar to a Masonic lodge structure. While it is true that it may well be argued that psychoanalysis as an institution had its beginning from the autumn of 1902, when the Viennese physician began gathering at his house every Wednesday evening, a group of young doctors with intention to learn, exercise and disseminate psychoanalysis. At those meetings (chaired by the Master of Vienna) theoretical works were prepared and clinical cases are the first steps in the transmission of psychoanalysis were presented. In its first year the Wednesday Society was composed by five doctors: Alfred Adler, Max Kahane, Sigmund Freud, Rudolf Reitler and Wilhelm Shekel.
By taking the Nazis to power in Vienna in 1938, Freud fled to London. This is not the place to discuss the very controversial theories and techniques of Freud, but to remember the relationship with the B’nai B’rith, which analyzes luminously Emmanuel (Ratier Mystère et secrets du B’nai b’brith) in his aforementioned book. In a speech read on his behalf in the presence of the members of B’nai B’rith in Vienna on the occasion of his 70th birthday, Freud reveals his initiation into the Jewish Freemasonry shortly after the year 1895, when after the publication of his research that would lead to psychoanalysis, all his friends and colleagues deserted him and only found a warm welcome and understanding among their brothers of the fraternity. He is recognized as Jewish, although unrelated to any religion and remember who were the members of his lodge which formed his first audience, before which he exhibited his revolutionary ideas with unexpected success
When the person and doctrine of Freud fell into disrepute in the medical-scientific of Vienna, his brothers of B’nai B’rith undertook to defend and managed the revival of its prestige as a psychologist. Shortly before he was born with his final configuration Zionism, which immediately gave Freud accession. Always fond of occultism and magic thoroughly studied the tradition of the Jewish Kabbalah even in its mystical aspects and it is not difficult to find cabalistic traits in research and in Freudian doctrine, though completely secularized. Freud’s first speech to his lodge in Vienna dealt precisely “the key of dreams” which is a topic of Kabbalah. In addition to this feature there are several elements of Jewish tradition in the bowels of psychoanalysis. The main disciples of Freud, excepting Jung, were Jews. This does not mean that psychoanalysis is an exclusive Jewish lore, but it is true can not be understood without considering its elements and its Jewish roots.
This article was written by Psalm Triginta