Before the time of Galileo Galilei (1565-1642), the idea of”theory into practice” was very rare, but it was the great intuition of this Italian Sage, heir to the Renaissance, which began what we know today as “Science”. The “principle of Galileo” is today referred to as the “first law of Newton”
Researchers working in a specific science area, often exchange research proposals and previous versions of works through conferences and academic meetings, until they give by other more formal channels such as the journals.
The purpose of this exchange of scientific knowledge is its diffusion by any of the established channels.
In addition, this type of event contributes to the exchange of views and the establishment of contacts and networking between scientists who belong to the same invisible College
Connoisseurs of the so-called source x, formed the Invisible College
The Royal Society arises when twelve grown men adopted the custom, shortly after 1640, reunited sporadically in London to talk and discuss at the residence of one of them or in a tavern next to the Gresham College. Soon after, under the patronage of the monarch, they decided to create an Association for the study of the mechanisms of nature.
The names of the first members of the Royal Society include scientists who gave name to their discoveries; Thus, Hooke’s law, Boyle’s law, the construction of Huygens, the laws of Newton, Brownian motion, and this not counting smaller scientists such as Christopher Wren, John Eveyn, John Wilkins, Elias Ashmole, John Flamsteed and Edmund Halley. However, the men who founded this company, not only were the first scientists, but, at the same time, the recent “magicians”. In fact, Ashmole belonged to a society of Rosicrucians and practiced astrology, Newton studied and wrote about the Rosicrucian alchemical concepts,
A few months after the restoration of Carlos II, a group of nature philosophers (scientists), including Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, John Wallis, John Evelyn, Robert Hooke, Christopher Wren, and William Petty. they met to form what would be the Royal Society. In 1646 and 1647, Boyle in his letters refers to “our invisible College” or “our philosophical College”. The common theme of the society was the acquisition of knowledge through experimental research, in an era in which superstition and magic dominated the reasoning, those men banished from their meetings all discussion pertaining to religion and politics. Thus was born the Royal Society and, with it, modern science, the empirical science, at the same time the Hartlibians, a circle of people around Samuel Hartlib, which was a German-British polymath. An active promoter and writer expert in different fields, such as science, medicine, agriculture, politics, and education. Hartlib often is described as a “picker of information”, to the end of being called “the largest picker information and intelligence of Europe”. His main goal in life was to make progress in the creation of knowledge and therefore kept in touch with a large group of people, from philosophers to farmers. Exchange many letters and correspondence, much of which has survived to the present day; It is saved in the collection Hartlib at the University of Sheffield in England. It was one of the better interconnected intellectual figures of the era of the Commonwealth, has several patents to his credit, disseminating information and promoting learning. He made circular designs of calculating, machines tools for writing double, planting and harvesting machines. His letters written in German and English, have been subject of studies in recent times.
Hartlib had set itself the goal of “register all human knowledge and to make it universally available for the education of all mankind”. His work has been compared to the of internet search engines.
They were also precursors to the Invisible College. Sir Cheney Culpeper and Benjamin Worsley were interested by Alchemy, but also by agricultural issues.
Of the twelve founders, at least five were Masons.
The last act of the first meeting of the Royal Society consisted of drawing up a list of forty people considered appropriate to become members of the newly created group. Of the forty initial partners, twenty-four belonged to the University world and sixteen occupied influential political positions. Robert Boyle named it the invisible College, and its members “cornerstones of the Invisible College” (or philosophical, as they were called). “They are people who have decided to strive to leave aside parochialism, through the practice of a charity so extensive arriving in everything that can be called men, which can only tilt universal goodwill. And maybe their concern about the need for good works, taking under their care to the whole of humanity”.
The idea of an invisible College became influential in Europe in the 17TH century, notably in the form of a network for the exchange of ideas among scholars or intellectuals. It is an alternative to the dominant, scholarly journal form in the 19th century. The invisible College idea is exemplified with the network of astronomers, professors, mathematicians and philosophers of nature of the 16th century in Europe. Men such as Johannes Kepler, Georg Joachim Rheticus, John Dee and Tycho Brahe shared information and ideas together in an invisible College. One of the most common methods used to communicate was through the margins of the book, with annotations written in personal copies of books that were lent, given, or sold.
The term currently refers mainly to the free transfer of thought and technical expertise, which is usually carried out without the establishment of designated facilities or institutional authority, using a mouth system, or a system located Bulletin Board, and with the support of barter (i.e. trade expertise or services) for dissemination and learning. In former times the term also included certain Hegelian aspects of secret societies and occultism.
In the arts and Humanities, a field of academic inquiry that virtually originated as an invisible College is the study of the history of the cinema, the majority of historians of the cinema might not be academic for decades. The film clubs (Film Society), the society for the preservation of the music of cinema, were initiated entirely by people with expertise outside the Academy.
The invisible College is similar to the medieval guild system, but has no influence in recognized, academic, technical or political circles. It is simply an attempt to circumvent bureaucratic or monetary obstacles by educated people and civic groups. These entities generally feel the need to share their methods with fellow officers, so say it, and strengthen local techniques through collaboration. The members of an invisible College are often called collegiate independent
In short, the invisible College is a system of basic education.
The motto of The Royal Society was and still is “Nullius in Verba”, which in Spanish means “in the words of nobody”, and implied that the members of the society could not refer to their opinions and much less to impose them as “criterion of authority”, since the only thing that should be taken into account was the experimental physics, logic and mathematics, and therefore not to speak of God nor of the King (in our times would say not of religion or politics) and also not current; that is, that they imposed the key rule of science, “experience to be the evidence to speak”
This article was written by Psalm Triginta