The Illuminati (plural of Latin illuminatus, “enlightened”) is a name given to several groups, both real and fictitious. Historically, the name refers to the Bavarian Illuminati, an Enlightenment-era secret society founded on May 1, 1776. The society’s goals were to oppose superstition, prejudice, religious influence over public life and abuses of state power, and to support women’s education and gender equality. The Illuminati—along with other secret societies—were outlawed by the Bavarian ruler, Charles Theodore, with the encouragement of the Roman Catholic Church, and were permanently disbanded in 1785. In the several years following, the group was vilified by conservative and religious critics who claimed that they had regrouped and were responsible for the French Revolution, the Illuminati are one of the many societies and characterized by the formation of the modern phenomenon of public opinion during the Enlightenment associations, such as Jürgen Habermas described in 1962 in History and criticism of public opinion. During premodern social castes happening in the church or in court and pervivía now: the possibility of transferring the estates on borders to meet social standards at least equal priori, in reading societies, associations or various cartitativas (such as friendly societies the country), in the Freemasons and the Rosicrucians or even in secret societies like the Illuminati.
Unlike other societies, the Illuminati had an explicit political agenda, while among the Freemasons are undesirable eg religious, denominational or political disputes. Masons are also recognized for their membership, and are not, unlike the enlightened, strictly secret. Although the Illuminati adopted Masonic lodge aspects and hierarchy, it is also true that neither belonged to the same order or cooperating in national masonic organizations such as the Grand Lodge or the Great Eastern.
Better in order to infiltrate them, Knigge gave the order in a supported masona with very imaginatively titled degrees structure, each of which had its own initiation ritual and “secrets” that are revealed to the initiated: a ‘kennel “that introduce novices into the essence of the lodge and the secret society composed of grades’ novice ‘,’ minerval” (deriv. Minerva), and “lower enlightened”. The “masona class’ taken of Freemasonry contained the degree ‘pawn’, ‘official’, ‘master’, ‘more enlightened’ and ‘enlightened ruler’. Order crowned the mystery class, comprising grades ‘priest’, ‘Regent’, ‘Magus’ and ‘Rex’ (‘ruler’) and whose rules and rituals, due to the short time that survived, failed to be drafted.
Also, as a mystification of great advertising effect, each member receives the order to start a secret name (or war), it was never a Christian, or at least orthodox source: Weishaupt is likewise called with the significant name of Spartacus , the leader of the Roman slave revolts; Knigge was Philo of Alexandria, a Jewish philosopher; Goethe Abaris was called by a Scythian magician. Geography also received secret names (Munich, for example, was called Athens,.. Tyrol, Peloponnese, Frankfurt was Edessa, and Ingolstadt, Eleusis). Even so far indicated as a secret Persian calendar names monthly and annual numbers starting at 632.
The names of the order contributed to the equality between enlightened: since only the first two grades were called by the names of the order, could not know each other, who was noble, who bourgeois university professor who, who only waiter or student. Apart from this, were part of a rigid educational program, the order will impose on its members. Each illuminated due not only to answer to their spiritual namesake, but also received from the superiors of the order literary monthly fee, which deistic and illustrated works and occupied a principal place increasing degree. His moral and spiritual evolution which was also noted on a daily notebook called Quibuslicet (from Lat. “Quibus licet”, “who is allowed to read ‘). If improperly made or did not contain the expected developments, responding command order with a letter of reproach.
Along with full equality within the ranks, there was a hierarchical division between different echelons marked. This left and show in oaths, each beginning was solemnly promise.
“Eternal silence, unwavering loyalty, faithfulness and obedience to all superiors and regulations of the order.”
Conspiracy Theories And Myths:
Supporters of conspiracy theories, such as mentioning the alleged existence of a series of letters written between 1870 and 1872 would be retained in the archives of the library of the British Museum from a Confederate military old named Albert Pike (In fact the sole representative of the Confederation, while an active member of the Ku Klux Klan, honored with a statue in Washington DC) and the freemason and Carbonari Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian philosopher and politician who strove to unify the Italian states and who had been selected by the Illuminati to head their worldwide operations in 1834 the British Museum denies the existence of such letters.
This article was written by Psalm Triginta