Baphomet is an enigmatic figure with head of goat that is in several instances in the history of the occult. From the Knights Templar in the middle ages and the masons of the 19th century to the modern currents of the occult, Baphomet never ceases to create controversy. But, where is Baphomet originate? and, most importantly, what is the true meaning of this symbolic figure?.
Throughout the history of Western occultism, the name of the mysterious Baphomet is often invoked. While the name is commonly called in the 20th century, Baphomet mentions can be found in documents dating from as early as the 11th century. Today, the symbol is associated with everything to do with the occult, ritual magic, witchcraft, Satanism and esotericism. Baphomet appears frequently in popular culture to identify something hidden.
The most famous painting of Baphomet is in Eliphas Levi (Alphonse Louis Constant ,French occultist.) “Dogma et Ritual de la Haute Magie”, a book of 1897, which became a standard reference for modern occultism.
There are several theories about the origin of the name of Baphomet. It has pointed out that the name could be a local variant of the name Mahoma. Templar accused of heretics were living in Occitan, the local language was Occitan. Mahomet (French) and Mafumet terms were used in the neighbouring languages (catalan). This hypothesis is supported by that act against the Templars do not give further explanations, pointing to that it was a commonly used term. During the Crusades, the Knights Templar remained for long periods of time in the countries of Middle East, where they became familiar with the teachings of the Arabic mystique. This contact with the oriental civilizations allowed them to bring back to Europe the foundations of what was to become Western occultism, including Gnosticism, Alchemy, the Kabbalah, and Hermeticism. The affinity of the Templars with the Muslims led the Church to accuse them of the worship of an Idol called Baphomet, so there are some plausible links between Baphomet and Muhammad. However, there are other theories about the origin of the name.
Eliphas Levi, the French occultist who drew the famous representation of Baphomet argued that the name had been derived from the cabalistic encoding: “the name of the Knights Templar Baphomet, that should be written according to the teachings of the Kabbalah”, is composed of three abbreviations: Tem. OHP. AB., Templi omnium hominum pacts abbas, “the father of the Temple of peace of all men”.
Arkon Daraul,( A History Of Secret Societies ) author and teacher in the sufi tradition and magic argued that Baphomet came from the Arabic word Abu fihama (t), which means “The father of understanding”.
Dr. Hugh Schonfield, whose work on the Dead Sea Scrolls is well-known, developed one of the most interesting theories. Schonfield, who had studied a system of Jewish encryption called the Atbash figure(It is a very common method of encryption (Cryptography) of the Hebrew alphabet. It belongs to the so-called classical Cryptography and is a type of substitution cipher), which was used in the translation of some of the Dead Sea scrolls, said that when the word Baphomet encryption system, “Sofía” was adapted to the Greek word, which means “knowledge” and is also a synonym for “Goddess”
The modern representation of Baphomet appears to have its roots from several ancient sources, but mainly of pagan gods. Baphomet has similarities with gods all over the world, including Egypt, Northern Europe and the India. In fact, the mythologies of many ancient civilizations include some kind of horns as a deity. In Jungian theory, Baphomet is a continuation of the horns as the archetype of God, as the concept of a deity having horns is universally present in the individual psyche. Cernunnos, Pan, Hathor, the Devil (as shown by Christianity) and Baphomet have a common origin. Some of its features are very similar.
The ancient Celtic God Cernunnos is traditionally represented with horns on the head, sitting in “Lotus position”, similar to the representation of Levi’s Baphomet. Although the history of Cernunnos is a mystery, usually says that he is the God of fertility and nature. In Britain, the appearance of Cerennunos was named Herne. Horned God is Baphomet satyr-like features, along with its emphasis on the phallus.
Pan was an important deity in Greece. The God of nature was often depicted with horns on the head and the bottom of the body of a goat. Not very different from Cerenunnos, Pan is a phallic God. Their animal traits are an expression of the carnal impulses and procreation of men.
It also includes other esoteric symbols from esoteric concepts embodied by the Baphomet.
It usually is also the name Baphomet with the merger of two Greek terms whose approximate meaning is the baptism of wisdom. Baphomet was in charge in the purgatory of the seven Hells and the various demons of the seven deadly sins. In 1589, Peter Binsfeld associated with each sin with a demon, who tempted people by means associated with sin.
In 1861, the French occultist Eliphas Levi included in his book Dogmes et Rituels la Haute Magie (dogmas and rituals of high magic) a pattern that was to become the most famous portrait of Baphomet:
Levi drew a Baphomet with one head of goat, androgynous features, and initiatory symbols, sitting on a bucket. Between the horns of the entity drew a staff and a torch. In his body he added female breasts and a hand up and a phallus-shaped rod of Hermes, a male arm and another female, hand down, pointing a Crescent and another waning. Each arm has the word in latin: Solve et Coagula (A latin phrase related to Alchemy. It means “dissolve” and “clot” or “separate” and “unite”, processes that pertain to the theories and experiments in Alchemy).
Let us review the symbols cited from the Masonic symbology. The raw stone symbolizes the State raw, the apprentice mason. The cube’s six faces (squares) symbolizes the elevated status, the fellow mason. The square, which is related to the cube, is the symbol of the world and nature. In it we find the name of God in Hebrew, YHVH, the four elements, the four seasons. We have therefore to a Baphomet sitting on the world, the God of creation.
The torch symbolizes divine light and it is carried by one carrying light to humanity. Baphomet is, therefore, according to the legend, the God light holder. Does not match this explanation with the condition of God’s initiation of Baphomet?
The Pentagram, or five-pointed star has been used since the dawn of humanity. Pythagoreans called it Pentalfa and few initiated linking to Syrian, perhaps the first God who knew humanity. Kenneth Grant, initiated and head of the OTO (Ordo Templi Orientis) of England and last disciple of Aleister Crowley, pointed out that “for Syrian Egyptians was stated by the hieroglyph of the teeth and the snake, she being the primordial mother who gave birth to the seven planets known as the instigators of the time”. One could add that SIRIUS is also represented by the dog and is the “morning star”, the star that gives rise to the creation… Baphomet, therefore, is presented with a symbol linked to the first God, the Primordial light.
The orientation of the Baphomet Pentagram symbolizes the triumph of the spirit over matter; initiation and divinity in the reverse direction, symbolizing the opposite. as in the current Satanic sects who use it the way inverted Pentagram. The rest of symbolism of Baphomet, however, should be observed from Hermeticism and its seven hermetic principles. Baphomet symbols are linked to the seven hermetic principles. That proves once more that this is the God of light and the initiation.
Baphomet is a symbolic creation of alchemical realization to through the union of opposite forces. Occultists believe that, through the mastery of the force of life, one is able to produce the light of the knowledge of the universe in which man lives.
Toth Hermes was a powerful mediator between the good and the wrong, making sure that none of them had a decisive victory upon the other. Baphomet represents the realization of this cosmic task very small scale within ourselves.
The secrecy invites you to discover all the mysteries of the universe and Baphomet has its science unveiled in symbols.
This article was written by Psalm Triginta