Of all the emperors and kings who ruled the countries surrounding the Mediterranean possibly the best known is King Solomon. And this is not only due to its presence in the Jewish Thora, the Christian Bible and the Islamic Koran, but also the popular legends based on their history. King Solomon was idealized virtues Himself as its famous temple.
Solomon’s Temple was built in 968 BC on a mountain in the city of Jerusalem, and was inaugurated in 961 BC with great feasts and offerings. After the destruction of the Temple in 586 BC by the army of Nebuchadnezzar was not a single standing stone. However, the descriptions of the building and the legends that arose around him made him the ideal archetype of the Temple, influencing centuries in shaping Western religious and civic buildings .. it thus became essential not only for Jewish religious imagery but also for the Christian symbolism in coming centuries. After it was razed to the ground by Nebuchadnezzar was restored around 500 BC by Zerubbabel, was again destroyed, to be rebuilt again by Herod “the Great”, not long before the birth of Jesus. The third temple was finally killed by the Romans in 70 AD, currently occupying your former mosque of the Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount.
The Temple of King Solomon, unlike other temples of the tenth century BC, had no idol inside, only the Ark of the Covenant with the Tablets of the Law that Jehovah gave to Moses. The temple was built on a plateau 742 meters high and had directed the entrance to the East, toward the sunrise on Mount of Olives, the construction of the temple began in the fourth year of the reign of Solomon. It took about seven years to build, which means it must have been completed in 961 BC The Temple itself should be building a long and rather narrow, about a longitudinal axis oriented east-west. The building must have a length of about 30 meters, 9 meters wide and a height of about 3 meters. On the eastern side was built a staircase next to the front door. On both sides of this two columns called Jachin and Boaz, the first right hand side of the entrance and the second on the left were erected. The priests and the king entered the temple through a gold plated door, about 10 meters high and 4 meters wide. Behind that door the entrance hall, the ‘Ulam’ was. After this hall, the main ay, the “Hekal” or holy, illuminated by high windows was. These windows were larger inward than outward, symbolizing that the light came from inside to outside. The “Hekal” measuring 13.5 meters high, 9 meters wide and 18 long, in a ratio of 3: 2: 4. The width and length kept a ratio of 1: 2, meaning that the plant “Hekal ‘consisted of a’ double square ‘, a proportion that can be found in many” sacred stays. “The stone slab was covered with cedar flooring in which, according to some sources, the “Seal of Solomon” was recorded. The walls of the ‘Hekal “covered with slats of cedar, brought from the mountains of Lebanon; the floor beams also made from the same material.
The third chamber, the “Debir” or Holy of Holies (Sancta Sanctorum) was in the rear, to a level higher than the “Hekal” level, and it could only be reached by climbing a ladder. The “Debir” was shaped like a cube of 9 x 9 x 9 meters, and at its center stood the Ark of the Covenant. This was a large chest made of acacia wood covered with gold plates and four rings on the corners in which carrying poles were placed. Inside the Ark Tables of the Law given by God to Moses were saved. In these tables the Ten Commandments were recorded, providing a connection between Yahweh and Israel.
During the time of the Exodus of the Jewish people the Ark was hidden in the Tabernacle, which was finally brought to Jerusalem by King David. He had already proven the magical power of the Ark when the walls of Jericho fell down the Jews before passing them to the Ark.
The two pillars Jachin and Boaz were erected opposite the entrance to the Temple and melted bronze in one piece. They had a height of over 12 meters, with a spherical capitals about 2 feet in diameter. The columns had only a symbolic function and not fastened any beam or any structural element. Researchers relate these columns with obelisks found at the entrance of Egyptian temples. The Roman architect Vitruvius had these obelisks were used as a clock, measuring their shadows as we do with sundials. However, ornamental spheres above the two columns of the Temple of Solomon would have done this very inaccurate clock function.
Near the temple an altar for burnt offerings (slaughtering at the stake) and a large bronze bowl, the “Bronze Sea” or “Sea Cobrizo” stood. This was a large hemispherical bowl 4.5 meters in diameter, supported on the backs of 12 bulls, also cast in bronze, three in each direction of the cardinal points. The bowl should weigh more than 25,000 pounds empty The purpose of this deposit (described in detail in II Chron 4: 1). Is unclear. Maybe it was used as a mirror to observe celestial bodies. In ancient Hebrew, the words for copper and bronze were identical: the bronze was harder and less prone to corrosion metal alloy due to a certain amount of tin. Some authors believe that the “Sea” should be bronze, not copper. All metal tools like hammers and chisels are made of brass to the twelfth century BC, when the production of iron tools began. There was a long tradition in the production of bronze the Middle East, where copper was easily found in the mines Arabian desert south of the Dead Sea Solomon derived most of their income sources, the problem was rather find the tin, a metal that could then be outdoors in large quantities only in the mines of Southern England. The Phoenicians, realizing this problem, sailed their small boats up there, across the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean.
No trace remains of the Temple of Solomon, 50 meters from the Western Wall originally belonged to the outer containment walls of Herod’s Temple, built in the first century BC The location of the Temple of Solomon is well known, near the holy rock known as Moria, where they burned in animals as a burnt offering. This stone had a size of approximately 17 m long and 15 m wide, and is a point of reliable guidance as it is situated near the eastern entrance of the temple. Today the Mosque of Omar, the Kubat-as-Sachra covers this place, built in 691 AD by Kaliff Aw-al-Malik. The presence of this mosque makes impossible any archaeological investigation of the remains of the Temple of Solomon.
In Jewish tradition assumes that King David received the plans for the temple with accurate information on their shape and measures, on parchment delivered by one of the prophets. The parchment had to be given by God to Moses, and from then on was guarded until the time came to build. The Christian religion accepted the divine origin of the traces of the Temple. But Christianity assumed that this ideal temple reconstruction was not possible, after its destruction in 586 BC, by the absence of the original plans. During the Middle Ages, European cathedrals were considered “reconstructions” of the Temple of Solomon, but limiting this meaning. The medieval architect tried to use the same ratios obtained by divine inspiration, exactly how it was applied in the original Temple.
This article was written by Psalm Triginta