Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (Union of South Africa, July 18, 1918-Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa, December 5, 2013) was a lawyer, politician, leader of the African National Congress (ANC) and commander of the guerrilla organization “Spear of the Nation”. In the words of van Engeland and Rudolph (2007), went from terror to politics to become president of South Africa (1994-1999).
He led the South African branch of the violent opposition to the Apartheid regime first and then sabotage murders and attacks with landmines and armed incursions. In 1962 he was arrested and convicted of sabotage and other charges, to life imprisonment. Most of the 30 years he spent in prison were spent in the prison-island Robben Island.
After his release, 11 February 1990, Mandela worked with then-South African President Frederik Willem de Klerk, representing his party in the negotiations for a multi-racial democracy in South Africa that gave way to the first elections with universal suffrage 1994. After the overwhelming victory of the ANC, Mandela was elected president by parliament. For his work in common, Mandela and De Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. His priority was frequently on national reconciliation, the country’s progress and literacy of children. His last public appearance was on July 11, 2010 in the final of the football World Cup 2010 South Africa.
Following the death of Nelson Mandela on December 5, 2013, on the Internet quickly spread a rumor that claimed he was a Mason. Consequently, many members of the Order echoed the news with evident pride, and did likewise malquerientes to disqualify.
The rumor apparently arose with the publication of “The History of the MW Prince Hall Grand Lodge of North Carolina and Jurisdiction 1864-2000 “by Joseph Walkes. According to its content, Mandela would have been done, “Mason at Sight” by Grandmaster William C. Parker Jr., June 28, 1990, during his tour with his wife Winnie Madikizela-Mandela Mandela US. Incidentally, she also would have received the membership of the “Order of the Star of the East”. Facing the issue, the Prince Hall Grand Lodge of North Carolina has been silent. Contrary to what one might suppose, to make Masons at sight is not a universally accepted practice (even in the US), despite being as old as speculative Masonry, and it is not uncommon to find that it is directed to eminent personages social, cultural and political life. To the same end, I watched the “Moderns” and “Ancients” in the eighteenth century.
To support the decision, US masonry often cited the “Masonic Encyclopedia” by Albert G. Mackey, 1846, the book “Making Masons at Sight” by William L. Bolden, Librarian of the Supreme Council for the Southern Jurisdiction AASR, published in 1925, and the magazine “The Builder magazine,” also from 1925. in addition to the power which the Grand Masters have stated in article 8 of the Landmarks that Mackey wrote in 1858.
To cite just one recent example of this experience in the US, we can bring to mind Richard Dreifuss, winner of Oscar for his role as the lead actor in the movie “The Goodbye Girl”, was made “Mason at Sight” 10 June 2011 by the Grand Lodge of Columbia.
Today it seems that things have loosened up a bit and the event tends to be a bit more, well, public, social and festive. Hence, at times I’ve found a resemblance to Grades “Honoris Causa” conferred university academia.
But it was not always so. The story goes that a “Mason at Sight” could only be the prerogative of a Grand Master upon provision of a “Lodge of chance” in a place where they did not exist. It is generally granted the three Symbolic Degrees on the same occasion, and served its purpose, the lodge was dissolved and dispersed Brothers. Anyway, the must be advised that the distinction in a way that constitutes a mutual complacency honor in recognition of a sheet faultless and admirable life is granted.
Turning to Mandela, and without going to deny the hypothesis as a priori by the Prince Hall Grand Lodge has not denied nor confirmed the news, the political circumstances surrounding the tour Mandela by the United States in 1990 suggest a time which hardly an American Grand Lodge dare do something.
Nelson Mandela who fought long against racism and for equality and freedom, died after months of a long sequel disease contracted tuberculosis during his years of captivity and just before the premiere of the film that immortalized. At 95 he died at his home alongside his family after spending a long hospitalization period and where they guarded 22 doctors, and from which at least three occasions announced his supposed death which obviously could not pass without being marked by stars. His death occurred at 8:50 pm (8 + 5 + 0 = 13) and will be buried on 12/15/13, interestingly on the same night, a celestial phenomenon occurred when Venus was at its peak brightness and greater proximity to the moon after the sunset, an event that lasts two days, until December 6 which is when the star Sirius (ISIS) will also be in full bloom.
Mandela has received over 50 honorary degrees from various universities worldwide. Together with Mother Teresa of Calcutta, along with Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, was the only foreigner who has been honored with Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award prestige of India in 1958. This is part of the list of awards and recognitions that has
Order of the Aztec Eagle (2010)
Arthur Ashe Award (2009)
Sculpture in the Palace of Westminster, London (2007) (picture side)
Ambassador of Conscience Award from Amnesty International (2006)
Presidential Medal of Freedom (2002)
FIFA Order of Merit (1998)
Order of Merit of the United Kingdom (1995)
Nobel Peace Prize in 1993
Peace Prize to Mahatma Gandhi
Order of Canada
National Order of Jose Marti, Cuba (1992)
Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation (1992)
Order of St. John
Bharat Ratna (1990)
Lenin Peace Prize (1990)
Sakharov Prize (1988)
International Simon Bolivar Prize (1983)
Doctor Honoris Causa of 8 universities in the Laureate International Universities network, the European University of Madrid, Universidad Andres Bello, Chile, Walden University (USA), the University of Applied Sciences, Bilgi University (Istanbul), the University of Carabobo (Venezuela), the University of the Americas, to Ecuador and the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Canary Islands).
“If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.”
This article was written by Psalm Triginta